Yard wolf. So translated «hotosho.» This is an alternative name for the Mongol wolfhound. Like the Pekingese in China, the breed is considered sacred in its homeland. Like the Phoenix bird, the Mongolian hotosho was reborn from the “ashes”. The almost extinct population was restored at the end of the 20th century by dog breeders Marika Teregulova and Nikolay Batov.
Description and features hotosho
Mongolian wolfhound hotosho — not only a symbol of the neighboring country, but Buryatia. The Russian Republic borders on the Asian state. Approved visa-free regime. There is a joint border with China, where the houtosho is also held in high esteem. Whether from China or from Mongolia, dogs got into Buryatia. Traditions of cattle breeding are strong in this republic. The dogs came to the place. The place was loved by wolfhounds. Like any aboriginal dogs, they were notable for their adaptability to new conditions and unpretentiousness.
In the Ivolginsky district of Buryatia there is a Hun settlement. This is the site of the ancient camp of the nomadic Asian people. In the parking lot found the remains of the Mongolian wolfhounds. Accordingly, the breed was formed in the first centuries of our era.
Indigenous breeds are understood to be formed without special selection, planned genetic transformations. In this Mongolian wolfhound is similar to Basenji, Pharaoh dog, Afghan hound.
Outwardly hotosho — tall burly. Height at withers is 75 centimeters. Dogs weigh about 70 kilograms. Dogs are covered with thick hair. In some individuals it is long, and in others it is short. Accordingly, there are two subspecies of the breed, like a long-haired and smooth-haired toy terrier.
The wolfhound’s guard hairs are stiff and thick, pushing away water. This eliminates tangling pet coat. Witcher cannot get wet to the thread either. Representatives of the rock come out of the water almost dry.
Troubles wool Mongolian dogs delivers only in summer. This is a period of active molting. With the street content of dogs, the phenomenon is tolerable. But on the other hand, they do not cling to the thorns in the fields, avoid tangling the twigs in the fur coat.
With impressive dimensions and heavy wolkods, the hotosho does not differ in melancholy. By temperament, the breed dogs are typical sanguine. They are balanced, but at the same time they are active, merry, playful. Dogs are easy going. This makes the khotosho good companions and guards.
For the protection of wolfhounds use since ancient times. Dogs drive predators away from herds of livestock. In this case, the function of the shepherd for the Khotosho is not familiar. Representatives of the breed — it is the guards, not herders drove from place to place.
Mongolian wolfhounds were inscribed in the tribal book of Russia in the year 2000. Since then, the official breed standard has been in effect throughout the country. It requires the backbone of the dog to be massive, and the muscles are prominent. Thick and dense Korzh should be elastic, may slightly sag on the head and neck of the wolfhound.
According to the standard, not only external deviations, but also the nuances of character and psyche are the disqualifying qualities of the jotosho. To breeding do not allow cowardly, aggressive and hysterical dogs. Of the outward signs, curliness, absence of soft undercoat, and spotted color are considered disqualifying. All wolfhounds are plain with a small white mark on the chest or black and tan.
In size, female breeds should not be less than 64 centimeters, and males less than 72 centimeters. At the same time, the size of females, as well as the «miniature» males are considered a disadvantage. They will not be excluded from breeding, but they will lower the exhibition grade.
Care and maintenance
An overweight hothouse dog requires active movement and a full, balanced diet. Otherwise, diseases of the bone system may develop. However, they pursue and prosperous dogs. They are similar to basketball players, who are already 30-40 years old from professional sports due to problems with the joints. They are under pressure from the mass of high and powerful players’ bodies. Over time, the joints do not withstand the load.
Understanding the risks, it is important not to overload the dogs. But the home lifestyle is not for them. What kind of muscle relief can we talk about in apartment conditions? Hotosho need an active movement, long walks.
Ideally, the wolfhound will be in the case historically allotted to him, that is, in the herds. Therefore, in Mongolia, China and Buryatia, you can’t find hotosho in big cities. In the Russian republic, dogs are kept in the so-called ulus, where sheep and cows are raised. In China, wolfhounds live in the monasteries of Tibet. In Mongolia, dogs also look after cattle, taming the endless steppes of the country.
When starting a yard wolf, it is also important to take into account the peculiarities of communication with him, dog training. She is not inclined to obey. It is necessary to build a partnership with a pet. Within their framework, they are wittakingly shown wonders of intelligence, able to make decisions on their own. Therefore, representatives of the breed are successfully trained in search and rescue work. They love to talk with them gently and clearly. A cry is unacceptable. Subject to the rules, wolfhounds obey unquestioningly.
Nutrition Mongolian Wolfhound
The quality of nutrition of a yard wolf literally reflects on its wool. If it is thick and shiny, the dog receives all the necessary substances. Dull, brittle pet’s coat — a reason to revise its diet. It can be natural, or consist of dry feed. In any case, the proportion of protein is important. His khotosho food should be at least 50%.
All types of meat, cereal porridge, dairy products, vegetables are recommended to wolfhounds from natural products. Fillets and soup products a day at least 800 grams. Large males need one and a half kilograms of meat per day.
A tablespoon of fish oil is added to the whole meal, complementing the menu with mineral supplements. They are purchased in pet stores. If the dog is dry food, it already has vitamin supplements.
However, granular nutrition is of different classes. In cheap supplements minimum. It is worth thinking about additional mineral complexes. Then the hotosho on the photo and in real life will delight with its brilliant appearance and strength.
Breed hotosho different massiveness. However, overweight dogs should not be. Extra weight — extra pressure on the bones, joints. If the pressure acts in conjunction with an insufficient vitamin and mineral base of nutrition, the skeleton of the wolfhound is bent. This is a manifestation of rickets.
Pet food must be not only full, but also correctly built. They don’t feed them khotosho before the walk. After jogging, dogs are given to get drunk. The portions form small, but often give about 7 times a day. This avoids digestive problems common to all large dogs.
Wolfhounds have excellent health. Using dogs as a service, the ancients did not spare the sick, flawed. The constant “screening out” of poor-quality genetic material made the breed representatives strong, healthy, and enduring.
Problems with joints and bones are the only ones typical of hhotosho. Often you have to deal with hip dysplasia in a pet. It obliges to exclude a yard wolf from breeding, minimizing the risk of the appearance of the disease in future generations.
Dysplasia is different severity. Mild disease is treated with medication and with the help of massage, physiotherapy. Severe dysplasia requires surgery followed by a therapeutic course. It is possible to achieve remission, but not complete recovery.
Hotosho are appreciated not only because of exoticism. The cost of dogs adds 2, and sometimes 3-year idle time in breeding. Large wolfhounds differ late maturation. If the dog is ready to continue the race by the 3rd year — this is good luck.
Most hotosho ripen to 4 years, and some males — already to 5. This is partly due to the pronounced sexual dimorphism of the Mongol wolfhounds. Males of breed are much larger and more massive than bitches.
Late in entering adult life, the hotosho are not distinguished by longevity. This is a feature of all large dogs. Their century rarely exceeds 13 years. The latter of them are not reproductive. It turns out, with the best scenario, the dogs give offspring about 7 years of life.
Hotosho puppies with documents cost from 15 000. This is the price of middle-class dogs from mediocre from the pedigree point of view of parents. If the mother and father of puppies have exhibition regalia, the khotosho banhar is estimated to be at least 25,000 rubles.
Banhar is an alternative breed name adopted in Buryatia. Here, by the way, puppies are cheaper than in Mongolia and China. More than 40 000 rubles for a hotosho rarely asked. The main price tag is 30 000-33 000 rubles. If a dog without a pedigree, you can get it for 7 000-10 000.